JC Myth (7.1): Source of All Deity Myths: “Sun Gods”

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Chapter Seven: Source of All Deity Myths: “Sun Gods”

The ancients considered the sun the father and the moon the mother. The sun impregnated the moon to produce stars.[1] We see this in the biblical account of Joseph’s dream about his family. Jacob, Joseph’s father, was the sun; his mother, Rachel, was the moon; and Joseph and his eleven brothers were stars (Gen. 37:5-11). All heroes who vanquish villains are sun gods.

Clearly Samson was a “sun god,” with long hair as his rays of strength, which is why the cutting of his hair weakened him.[2] Samson had seven locks of hair, obviously representing the “number of the planetary bodies.”[3] (The “yellow hair of Apollo was also a symbol of the solar rays.”[4]) When Samson lost his strength he was also blind; the sun in winter, when it loses its intensity or vigor by going down, is blind. Belle M. Wagner and Thomas H. Burgoyne wrote: “The Sun [as Samson], shorn of his glory, or solar force, at the autumnal equinox, stands upon the equator between the two pillars of the temple (or light and darkness), and pulls down the temple (or signs) into the southern hemisphere.”[5] (See Judges 16:21-31. Yes, the Jews knew how to make up stories to teach lessons just as the Egyptians and Greeks did, and just as we do today.) This symbolism is why the New Testament says a woman is the glory of her husband; she reflects his light because, as the moon, she has no light of her own. Her hair (rays), like Samson’s, is her only glory (1 Cor. 11:7, 15). Thus the bride (moon) would one day shine like the husband (sun) as she would be “clothed [covered] with the sun” (Rev. 12:1). She would reflect his glory on the earth when the male and female were reunited.

In 2 Kings 2:23-24 we find Elisha’s encounter with a bunch of children who come out of the city to mock him by saying “Go up, thou bald head; go up, thou bald head.” Elisha cursed the children, at which point “there came forth two she bears out of the wood, and tare forty and two children of them.” Until recently I didn’t understand the children’s taunt. They weren’t making fun of Elisha because he had no hair. They were telling him he was weak and needed to go “up” (rise higher in the sky, get more rays on his head, gain some strength). Elisha was, they thought, at winter (weak) and needed to head toward summer (get higher in the sky and gain power). He proved them wrong! (The two bears that mauled the children were probably Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.) [6]

Strength and weakness in the Bible often relate to the sun and the solstices. The father grows old and dies and then is reborn as the son. The sun is a “golden child” who is “born in the midst of his enemies” or in the dark of winter (Christmas). The ruler (or power) who attempts to kill the child represents the winter or “darkness” wanting to “get rid of any new light that might threaten his rule.” The child is weak but grows stronger (increases in wisdom, stature, etc. [Lk. 2:52]). Because he is feeble the baby is “the almost extinguished flame.” But he “regains his strength at spring and deposes his enemies,” at which point he “sets out on his journey to the heights.” The hero in all the biblical accounts, and other stories as well, is always the dawn or morning sun. He is the superman who vanquishes the bad guy (Satan, big bad wolf, zombie, vampire, monster, wicked witch, General Zod, Darth Vader, Scar/Taka, night, winter). It’s the “greatest story ever told!……it is nature and it strikes a chord in our psyche.”[7]

We see this battle begin early on in Genesis with the talking snake in the Garden of Eden. Genesis 3:15 states: “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.” This serpent who was to do battle with humans is Draco, or the dragon, who resides in the sky along with the constellation Hercules. “As Draco circles around the Pole, his head is either below or above Hercules’ heel. The top position represents who is doing the bruising.” So either Draco is bruising the heel of Hercules or Hercules is crushing Draco’s head with his foot.[8] Of course, the sun god always wins the battle in the end. So we see the foot of Hercules “stepping on Draco’s head, the dragon/snake who[m] Hercules has vanquished and perpetually gloats over for eternities.”[9]

During the time that Draco’s star Thuban was the pole star, it would have appeared to ancient sky watchers that the Earth revolved around Draco. Dragons and other similar creatures often played a role in creation myths. In these stories the gods would often battle such creatures for control of the Earth. When defeated, the dragons were flung up into the skies.[10]

Thus, the serpent is thrown into the abyss. This is why a serpent is prevalent in all the ancient creation myths. Regarding Hercules, Gavin White argues that “the original name of Hercules – the ‘Kneeler’ . . . is a conflation of the two Babylonian constellations of the Sitting and Standing Gods.”[11] Therefore, we have a father god who sits on a throne and a son god who stands at the right of the father.

The following passages exhibit that the Israelites worshiped the “host of heaven.”

2 Kings 23:5  And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven. . . 11  And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathanmelech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.

Jeremiah 8:2  And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.

Ezekiel 8:16  And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD’S house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

Acts 7:41  And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands. 42  Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness?

The “host of heaven” obviously refers to the heavenly bodies; and Genesis 2:1 says: “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.” However, 1 Kings 22:19 (and 2 Chronicles 18:18) states: “I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.” Nehemiah 9:6 states that the host of heaven worshiped Yahweh. Isaiah 34:4 says the host of heaven would one day be dissolved, echoing the warning that the gods would die like men (Ps. 82:7). It was these gods (the heavenly bodies) that made man (in their image), and we know that we are made of the same elements as they are. The “LORD” was the sun.

While we see condemnation for sun worship in the Bible, that doesn’t negate the idea that this practice is the origin of all “god” worship. In reality, the god being worshiped is old Sol, and these god-man stories were the ancients’ attempt to make everything on earth as it was in heaven. Today, of course, we think of the “host of heaven” as angels.

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Acharya S, Suns of God, 73. 2] Murdock, Did Moses Exist? 396. [3] Doane, VIII. [4] Inman, 679. See also: Doane, VIII. [5] Belle M. Wagner and Thomas H. Burgoyne, The Light of Egypt; or the science of the soul and the stars—Volume 2 (Denver, CO: Astro Philosophical Pub. Co., 1903), “Chapter IV: Astro-Theology,” Kindle ed. [6] “Its [sic] written in the stars,” bibliodac.wordpress.com, 16 July 2014, web, 22 Mar. 2015. [7] “Its [sic] written in the stars,” Ibid[8] “Its [sic] written in the stars,” Ibid[9] “Hercules (constellation),” wikipedia.org, 12 Mar. 2015, web, 22 Mar. 2015. See also: Mark R. Chartrand III, Skyguide: A Field Guide to the Heavens (Golden Books Publishing Co., 1982),  150. [10] Kathy Miles, “Draco the Dragon,” starryskies.com, 1995-2008, web, 22 Mar. 2015. 11] “Hercules (constellation),” Ibid. See also: Gavin White, Babylonian Star-lore (London: Solaria Publications, 2008), 199ff.

 

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JC Myth (7.0): Source of All Deity Myths

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Chapter Seven: Source of All Deity Myths

(For the Chief Musician. A Psalm by David.) The heavens declare the glory of God. The expanse shows his handiwork. 2  Day after day they pour forth speech, And night after night they display knowledge. 3  There is no speech nor language, Where their voice is not heard. 4 Their voice has gone out through all the earth, Their words to the end of the world. In them he has set a tent for the sun, 5  Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, Like a strong man rejoicing to run his course. 6  His going forth is from the end of the heavens, His circuit to its ends; There is nothing hidden from its heat. (Psalm 19 World English Bible)

The fable of Christ and his twelve apostles . . . is a parody of the sun and the twelve signs of the Zodiac, copied from the ancient religions of the Eastern world. . . Every thing told of Christ has reference to the sun. His reported resurrection is at sunrise, and that on the first day of the week; that is, on the day anciently dedicated to the sun, and from thence called Sunday.[1] (Thomas Paine)

Now perhaps we can see that this account “revealed” only to the Jews is but one of innumerable Creation myths and follows the usual formula. Its characters are identical with those of the Greek. The Lord God is Jupiter, Satan is Prometheus, Adam is Epimetheus, and Eve is Pandora. That the woman caused all the trouble is also part of the formula. In Egypt, Noom, the heavenly artist, creates a beautiful girl and sends her to Batoo, the first man, after which all peace for Batoo is ended. According to the Chinese Book of Chi-King, “All things were at first subject to man, but a woman threw us into slavery, by an ambitious desire for things. Our misery came not from heaven but from woman. She lost the human race.” . . . Every race of antiquity had this story and in practically all of them some kind of fruit served as the temptation symbol. In Greece it was an apple; in India it was figs. The Hindus tell us that the God Siva sent woman a fig tree and prompted her to tempt her husband with the fruit. This she did, assuring the man it would confer on him immortality. . . Such is the honor of the gods. According to the Greeks, Zeus gave the Hesperides a tree that bore golden apples. As they could not resist the temptation to eat of them, Zeus placed Ladon, a serpent, in the garden to watch the trees. Finally, Hercules, a personification of evolutionary life, slew the serpent, matter, and gave the apples freely to the Hesperides. . . Such is the Bible’s “revealed truth”—other races’ mythology, the basis of which is cosmology.[2] (Lloyd M. Graham)

Christ Jesus . . . is none other than the personification of the Sun, and . . . the Christians, like their predecessors the Pagans, are really Sun worshipers.[3] (T. W. Doane)

If the stories in the Bible, and elsewhere, are not inspired by Yahweh, or another god, from where did gods and goddesses originate? As has been suggested, these mythical gods developed from the ancients’ study of nature, particularly the sky. Genesis 1:14 (WEB) states that the lights in the sky are “to divide the day from the night” and “for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years.” We spend our nights going to the movies or other events or staying inside watching TV, reading, or chatting online; but at the time these spiritual ideas were developed the best entertainment was nature. It was also teacher and dispenser of punishments. If the ancients didn’t observe its signs they were in trouble. That’s the reason we have the many “types” of Christ in the Hebrew Bible as well as in the mythology of other nations. Most gods are “cosmic, allegorical and mythical entities . . . anthropomorphized or personified.”[4] This is called “astral religion, astrolatry, astromythology or astrotheology.”[5]

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Thomas Paine, The Complete Religious and Theological Works of Thomas Paine, 382. See also: D. M. Murdock/Acharya S, “Were George Washington and Thomas Jefferson Jesus Mythicists?” [2] Graham, 74. [3] Doane, XXXIX. [4] Murdock, Did Moses Exist? 72. [5] Murdock, Did Moses Exist? 72.

JC Myth (6.6): Recycled Myths: “Church Fathers Defend Their Faith”

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Chapter Six: Recycled Myths: “Church Fathers Defend Their Faith”

Interestingly, while we might not like hearing that our religion is just like everybody else’s, the early church fathers were adamant that what they taught was nothing new but was the same as was taught by others of their time. In fact, as mentioned earlier, they counted on that fact to bolster their own beliefs.

Christian father Justin Martyr, writing in the 100s CE, admitted that earlier documents contained stories similar to those in the New Testament. He wrote:

“And the Sibyl and Hystaspes said that there should be a dissolution by God of things corruptible. And the philosophers called Stoics teach that even God Himself shall be resolved into fire, and they say that the world is to be formed anew by this revolution; but we understand that God, the Creator of all things, is superior to the things that are to be changed. If, therefore, on some points we teach the same things as the poets and philosophers whom you honour, and on other points are fuller and more divine in our teaching, and if we alone afford proof of what we assert, why are we unjustly hated more than all others? For while we say that all things have been produced and arranged into a world by God, we shall seem to utter the doctrine of Plato; and while we say that there will be a burning up of all, we shall seem to utter the doctrine of the Stoics: and while we affirm that the souls of the wicked, being endowed with sensation even after death, are punished, and that those of the good being delivered from punishment spend a blessed existence, we shall seem to say the same things as the poets and philosophers; and while we maintain that men ought not to worship the works of their hands, we say the very things which have been said by the comic poet Menander, and other similar writers, for they have declared that the workman is greater than the work.[1]

“And when we say also that the Word, who is the firstbirth of God, was produced without sexual union, and that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and died, and rose again, and ascended into heaven, we propound nothing different from what you believe regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter. For you know how many sons your esteemed writers ascribed to Jupiter: Mercury, the interpreting word and teacher of all; Æsculapius, who, though he was a great physician, was struck by a thunderbolt, and so ascended to heaven; and Bacchus too, after he had been torn limb from limb; and Hercules, when he had committed himself to the flames to escape his toils; and the sons of Leda, and Dioscuri; and Perseus, son of Danae; and Bellerophon, who, though sprung from mortals, rose to heaven on the horse Pegasus.” [2]

Martyr also wrote:

It having reached the Devil’s ears that the prophets had foretold the coming of Christ, the Son of God, he set the heathen Poets to bring forward a great many who should be called the sons of Jove. The Devil laying his scheme in this, to get men to imagine that the true history of Christ was of the same characters the prodigious fables related of the sons of Jove.”[3]

As to the miracles of Apollonius, Martyr noted:

“How is it that the talismans of Apollonius have power in certain members of creation, for they prevent, as we see, the fury of the waves, and the violence of the winds, and the attacks of wild beasts, and whilst our Lord’s miracles are preserved by tradition alone, those of Apollonius are most numerous, and actually manifested in present facts, so as to lead astray all beholders.”[4]

The miracles of Apollonius, that could be seen, led people astray because they were from the devil, but the miracles of Jesus, “preserved by tradition alone,” were performed for the purpose of creating faith. At least that’s what we’re supposed to believe.

Speaking of proof for the miracles of the Gospels as well as anything else they teach, Origen, writing in 225-235 CE, admitted that there was no proof for the teachings and events of the Gospels when he declared in answer to the critic Celsus that the Christians took it all on faith. Since the adversaries of Christianity were, Origen said, “making such a stir about our taking things on trust,” he wrote that, due to various reasons, it was better for the common people to have simple faith rather than to try to reason; its being a “useful thing for the multitude, we admit that we teach those men to believe without reasons.”[5] (Of course, if he had been aware of any proof, he would have offered it.)

With regard to the god Bacchus, Martyr wrote:

“The devils, accordingly, when they heard these prophetic words, said that Bacchus was the son of Jupiter, and gave out that he was the discoverer of the vine, and they number wine [or, the ass] among his mysteries; and they taught that, having been torn in pieces, he ascended into heaven.”[6]

Obviously, before Jesus was considered the son of God, Bacchus was considered the son of a god. Before Jesus ascended to heaven, Bacchus ascended to heaven. Before Jesus turned water into wine, Bacchus had power over wine. Martyr admitted this. Julius Firmicius wrote that the “devil has his Christs.”[7] This was his way of saying that, sure, the pagans believed and practiced the same as Christians, but the devil was cunning and made sure this happened in an effort to deceive people when the true savior came into the world.

Martyr continued:

“Moreover, the Son of God called Jesus, even if only a man by ordinary generation, yet, on account of His wisdom, is worthy to be called the Son of God; for all writers call God the Father of men and gods. And if we assert that the Word of God was born of God in a peculiar manner, different from ordinary generation, let this, as said above, be no extraordinary thing to you, who say that Mercury is the angelic word of God. But if any one objects that He was crucified, in this also He is on a par with those reputed sons of Jupiter of yours, who suffered as we have now enumerated. . . And if we even affirm that He was born of a virgin, accept this in common with what you accept of Perseus. And in that we say that He made whole the lame, the paralytic, and those born blind, we seem to say what is very similar to the deeds said to have been done by Æsculapius.”[8]

(Perseus was the son of Zeus and the virgin Danae, who was impregnated with sunlight or a “golden shower.”[9] This is reminiscent of the Spirit, wind, or breath that impregnated the virgin Mary.) Martyr further admitted that he and his fellow Christians “say things similar to what the Greeks say” but were hated, he said, “on account of the name of Christ.”[10] Martyr went on to say that these fictitious gods resembling Jesus were “influenced by the demons” and were written “through the instrumentality of the poets.”[11] He wrote (and there will be some repetition here):

“But those who hand down the myths which the poets have made, adduce no proof to the youths who learn them; and we proceed to demonstrate that they have been uttered by the influence of the wicked demons, to deceive and lead astray the human race. For having heard it proclaimed through the prophets that the Christ was to come, and that the ungodly among men were to be punished by fire, they put forward many to be called sons of Jupiter . . . And these things were said both among the Greeks and among all nations where they [the demons] heard the prophets foretelling that Christ would specially be believed in . . . but imitated what was said of our Christ . . . The devils, accordingly, when they heard these prophetic words, said that Bacchus was the son of Jupiter . . . and they taught that, having been torn in pieces, he ascended into heaven. And . . . they . . . gave out that Bellerophon, a man born of man, himself ascended to heaven on his horse Pegasus. And when they heard it said by the other prophet Isaiah, that He should be born of a virgin, and by His own means ascend into heaven, they pretended that Perseus was spoken of. And when they knew what was said, as has been cited above, in the prophecies written aforetime, Strong as a giant to run his course, they said that Hercules was strong, and had journeyed over the whole earth. And when, again, they learned that it had been foretold that He should heal every sickness, and raise the dead, they produced Æsculapius.”[12]

Tertullian also blamed the devil for the stories that came before the Jesus tale:

“Who interprets the meaning of those passages which make for heresy? The devil, of course, whose business it is to pervert truth, who apes even the divine sacraments in the idol-mysteries. Some he baptizes—his own believers, his own faithful. He promises the removal of sins by his washing, and, if my memory serves, in this rite seals his soldiers on their foreheads. He celebrates the oblation of bread, brings on a representation of the resurrection, and buys a wreath at the point of the sword. Why, he actually restricts his High Priest to one marriage.”[13]

What Martyr and Tertullian were saying was that all the concepts they mentioned were believed and/or practiced in worship to gods before they were practiced/believed in Christianity. The mythological religions these men reference are too similar not to have come from the same source as Judaeo-Christianity.

Dameron spoke of later instances when the devil was blamed for deities that resembled Christ.

“The learned philologists have been able to trace this coming messiah far back in the sacred books of the ancient Hindoos, written in the Sanscrit; which is the mother language of the Aryan race. They had their trinity and they had their savior; so did the Persians and so did the ancient inhabitants of Mexico. When the latter country was invaded by Cortez, the priest said, ‘The devil was ahead of us; how could these people know of Christ and the Virgin Mary unless the devil had told them of it?'”[14]

Speaking of the Trinity, Doane noted that “Rev. Father Acosta,” referring to the Peruvian Trinity, wrote: “It is strange that the devil after his manner hath brought a Trinity into his idolatry, for the three images of the Sun called Apomti, Churunti, and Intiquaoqui, signifieth Father and Lord Sun, the Son Sun, and the Brother Sun.”[15] Long before the Christian era, Manetho, an Egyptian priest, was given by an Oracle to Sesostris: “First, God; then the Word; and with them, the Spirit.”[16] The New Testament writers didn’t invent the Trinity.

While much literature was produced to refute Christianity, most of these documents have been destroyed. However, thankfully, since the Christians attempted to respond to the naysayers, we have enough information to recognize that other gods resembling Jesus preceded him, and some were worshiped centuries before his arrival. The myth of Jesus is simply recycled from similar, and earlier, myths.

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Chs. 20 and 21, 12 Nov. 2014. [2] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 21, 31 May 2014. [3] Doane, XII. [4] Justin Martyr, “Quaest,” Ch. 24. See also: Doane, XXVII. [5] Origen, Contra Celsus, Book 1, Chs. ix, x, newadvent.org, copyright 2009 by Kevin Knight, web, 29 Oct. 2014. See also: Doane, XXVII. [6] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 54, 29 Oct. 2014. [7] Doane, XX. [8] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 22, 31 May 2014. [9] Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho, 67. See also: Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, eds. Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings of the Fathers down to A.D. 325 (Buffalo: The Christian Literature Publishing Company, 1885), Vol. I, 231; and Murdock, Christ in Egypt, 158-159. [10] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 24, 18 June 2014. [11] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 23, 31 May 2014. [12] Justin Martyr, The First Apology, Ch. 54, 18 June 2014. [13] Tertullian, The Prescription Against Heretics, Ch. XL, tr. and ed. S. L. Greenslade, Early Latin Theology, Library of Christian Classics V (1956), tertullian.org, 11 May 2001, web, 18 June 2014. [14] Dameron, 51-52. [15] Doane, XXXV. [16] Doane, XXXV.

JC Myth (6.5): Recycled Myths: “More Hebrew Syncretism”

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Chapter Six: Recycled Myths: “More Hebrew Syncretism”

Graham wrote that “the Hebrews got all their metaphysical ideas from older races. There is practically nothing in the Bible that cannot be found in other literatures.”[1] For good measure let’s look at a few stray concepts that I may not have mentioned elsewhere.

*    The idea of long life spans of biblical characters in Genesis is not unique. From Babylonian cuneiform records we find that King Alulim lived to be 18,900 years old; King Alalmar, 36,000; Beroseus, 63,000. This has to do with numerology, as the figures all “add up to nine, a significant number even in Revelation. It should be obvious that these kings were personifications of great epochs, and so are the men of Genesis.”[2]

*    The Hebrews were not the first to consecrate the seventh day of the week. The seventh day was dedicated to Apollo, the sun, which is where we get our Sunday.[3] The word “sabbath” didn’t even originate with the Hebrews but comes from the Babylonian “Sabattu,” or day of rest, which was observed by the Babylonians “long before the Hebrews.”[4]

*    Egypt’s Book of the Dead, Spell 53, speaks of the “bread of life,” and the Sumerian Inanna’s Descent to the Underworld (c. 1900-1600 BCE) talks about the “food of life” and the “water of life.”[5]

*    Greek god Phoebus Apollo was the “God of Light, in whom is no darkness at all” (1 Jn. 1:5).[6]

*    Jacob’s son Joseph, while down in Egypt, was caught up in the story of Potiphar’s wife (Zuleika),  a myth taken from “Tale of Two Brothers,” an Egyptian fable.[7]

*    The Babylonian priesthood performed a “bloody magic ritual” to keep demons away from the home; they put sheep’s blood on their doorframes as the Israelites did at the Passover (Ex. 12:1-24).[8]

*    Hermes, son of Zeus (and messenger of the gods, whence we get our word “hermeneutics”[9]), walked on water.[10] Hermes was the messenger (word) of the gods, also known as Thoth. He “authored the Hermetic Books, an astonishing 36,525 volumes of magic and wisdom, and Egyptian history.”[11] The year has 365.25 days, so he had to write a book for each day. Jesus, of course, outdid him in action, not mere words. John 21:25 states: And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.

*    The New Testament’s abode of the dead, Hades, is the name of the Greek god of the dead, or King of the Underworld,[12] and the Scandinavian goddess Hel was ruler of the dead.[13]

*    The Babylonian demon Lilith appears in Isaiah 34:14 (as well as in the Dead Sea Scrolls).[14]

*    Jesus’ “We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced” (Mt. 11:17) is taken from the words of Aesop (c. 620-560 BCE)[15]: “when I piped you would not dance.”[16]

*    The goddess Hestia was “the first and the last of the children of Zeus, the beginning and end of the god’s creation.” The legend was that Zeus “swallowed each of his children at the moment of birth, but was ultimately forced to disgorge them. Hestia, being the firstborn was the last to be regurgitated, and so merited this title.”[17] (See Matthew 19:30; Colossians 1:15; and Revelation 3:14, 22:13.)

Certainly everything in the Bible is not stolen from other myths. As Viklund wrote:

“I am not necessarily saying that other cultures or mythologies influenced Christianity. That might of course be the case in many instances, but hardly always. A better explanation is that they all draw from a common heritage. However, simply because everything is not necessarily borrowed from the pagans, this does not imply that the story told of Jesus in the Gospels is true. It does imply, however, that each story told of each son of God is a mythic story, and the story of Jesus as well. It seems unlikely that ‘every’ Saviour God should have led his life in approximately the same way as all the others. That suggests to me that the Gospels are fictitious documents.”[18]

Jim Walker wrote along this vein as follows:

“Did the Christians copy (or steal) the pagan ideas directly into their own faith? Not necessarily. They may have gotten many of their beliefs through syncretism or through independent hero archetype worship, innate to human story telling. If gotten through syncretism, Jews and pagans could very well have influenced the first Christians, especially the ideas of salvation and beliefs about good and evil. Later, at the time of the gospels, other myths may [have] entered Christian beliefs such as the virgin birth and miracles. In the 4th century, we know that Christians derived the birthday of Jesus from the pagans. If gotten through independent means, it still says nothing about Christian originality because we know that pagans had beliefs about incarnated gods, long before Christianity existed. The hero archetypes still exist in our story telling today. As one personal example, as a boy I used to read and collect Superman comics. It never occurred to me at the time to see Superman as a Christ-figure. Yet, if you analyze Superman and Jesus stories, they have uncanny similarities. In fact the movie Superman Returns explicitly tells the Superman story through a savior’s point of view without once mentioning Jesus, yet Christians would innately know the connection. Other movies like Star Wars, Phenomenon, K-PAX, The Matrix, etc. also covertly tell savior stories. So whether the first Christians borrowed or independently came up with a savior story makes no difference whatsoever. The point here only aims to illustrate that Christians did not originate the savior story.”[19]

Again, Judaism and Christianity aren’t unique; and the Israelites (as most people do) sponged from the cultures of the nations among whom they lived. As stated, virtually all of the Bible’s events/people show up in more ancient literature. While some people may think only a symbol, birth date, or other inconsequential concept was borrowed, the truth is that Christianity’s basic tenets are simply rehashed myths. The bottom line is that Judaism shared the myths of other cultures, and Christianity further developed the Jewish myths.

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Graham, 42. [2] Graham, 83. [3] Graham, 41. [4] Graham, 41. [5] Murdock, Did Moses Exist? 234-235. See also: Samuel Noah Kramer, History Begins at Sumer (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1959), 165. [6] Edith Hamilton, “Phoebus Apollo,” Mythology (New York: Hachette Digital, Inc., 2012), ebook. [7] Graham, 139. [8] Murdock, Did Moses Exist? 345. See also: Bernard M. Levinson, Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 58; and “The Exodus,” wikipedia.org, 26 Jan. 2015, web, 30 Jan. 2015. [9] Hans-Georg Gadamer, Truth and Method, 2nd ed., rev. ed., tr. Joel Winsheimer and Donald G. Marshall (New York: Continuum Publishing Group: 2006), 157. [10] Dennis R. MacDonald, The Homeric Epic and the Gospel of Mark (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000), 150. [11] “Hermes,” Hermograph Press, hermograph.com, 2015, web, 17 Apr. 2015. [12] “Haides,” theoi.com, n.d. web, 7 Apr. 2014. [13] Walker, Man Made God, 285. [14] Janet Howe Gaines, “Lilith: Seductress, Heroine or Murderer?” Bible History Daily, biblicalarchaeology.org, 4 Sept. 2012, web, 20 June 2014. [15] “Aesop’s Fables,” taleswithmorals.com, June 2014, web, 9 June 2014. [16] “The Fisherman Piping,” Aesop’s Fables, tr. George Fyler Townsend, classiclit.about.com, 2014, web, 9 June 2014. [17] Allegro, 70. [18] Viklund, “The Jesus Parallels.” [19] Jim Walker, “Did a historical Jesus exist?”

JC Myth (6.4): Recycled Myths: “Stories from Secular Literature”

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Chapter Six: Recycled Myths: “Stories from Secular Literature”

The New Testament writers didn’t stop at appropriating other scriptures, as Robert Price pointed out. They relied on secular literature as well.

One striking example of a New Testament legend lifted from another writer is the tale of the demoniac in Mark 5:1-20. Price explained:

“Clearly . . . the core of the story derives from Odyssey 9:101-565. Odysseus and his men come to shore in the land of the hulking Cyclopes, just as Jesus and his disciples arrive by boat in the land of the Gerasenes . . . Goats graze in one landscape, pigs in the other. Leaving their boats, each group immediately encounters a savage man-monster who dwells in a cave. The demoniac is naked, and Polyphemus was usually depicted naked, too. The Cyclops asks Odysseus if he has come with intent to harm him, just as the Gerasene demoniac begs Jesus not to torment him. Polyphemus asks Odysseus his name, and the latter replies “Noman,” while Jesus asks the demoniac his name, “Legion,” a name reminiscent of the fact that Odysseus’ men were soldiers. Jesus expels the legion of demons, sending them into the grazing swine, recalling Circe’s earlier transformation of Odysseus’ troops into swine. Odysseus contrives to blind the Cyclops, escaping his cave. The heroes depart, and the gloating Odysseus bids Polyphemus to tell others how he has blinded him, just as Jesus tells the cured demoniac to tell how he has exorcised him. As Odysseus’ boat retreats, Polyphemus cries out for him to return, but he refuses. As Jesus is about to depart, the man he cured asks to accompany him, but he refuses. As MacDonald notes, sheer copying from the source is about the only way to explain why Jesus should be shown refusing a would-be disciple.”[1]

Odysseus, of course, is the sun, taking its journey around the earth. He yearns to return to his wife, Penelope, who represents Virgo, or the virgin mother. Odysseus shoots his arrow through the twelve axes (months of the year), a feat only the sun can accomplish. Again we see here a separation of husband and wife and a longing to return to the virgin mother/wife.

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Price, “New Testament Narrative as Old Testament Midrash.” Other similarities between Mark and Homer can be found here: “BORROWED STORIES AND CHARACTERS? — MARK 1-10,” n.d., web, 17 May 2015 <http://vridar.info/xorigins/homermark/mkhmrfiles/mkhmrpt1.htm#top&gt;.

JC Myth (6.3): Recycled Myths: “Jesus Story Better Developed”

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Chapter Six: Recycled Myths: “Jesus Story Better Developed”

Again, some say that many aspects of the stories of these gods were added later, copying the more developed Christianity. But, as stated earlier, many ideas about Jesus (his virgin birth on December 25, his resurrection, Mary’s perpetual virginity, the Assumption of Mary, etc.) were also added later. It’s impossible to know how much, if anything, regarding Jesus is true or when many of the events or characteristics were added. If even one of the earlier gods rose from the dead, one walked on water, one turned water to wine, one was crucified, etc., then the story of Jesus could be pieced together from these myths. Those writing about Jesus would add something new, but it’s hard to deny all of the evidence regarding these mythical gods.

It is true that the story of Jesus is far more detailed and evolved than earlier myths, and some therefore defend it as truth on that basis. But as Joshua Tilghman wrote:

“In my opinion, the Jesus narrative is a more compacted and better developed death, burial and resurrection story of the savior god-man simply because it had the chance to develop in the Roman Empire under the direction of the emperor and the Church Fathers. When Constantine made Christianity a legally recognized religion, competing religions and claims were stamped out and eventually the main gist of the Christian narrative we have today was fleshed out under strict supervision.”[1]

When I began to read the apocryphal works, I recognized that they weren’t well written or developed. That, to me, said they weren’t inspired, and I understood why the “wise” men who evaluated them chose not to include them in the New Testament. However, now I realize that the apocryphal works aren’t developed because they haven’t been tampered with as the canon has been. Lamenting the fact that many forgeries existed, Joseph Wheless wrote, “In view of these ‘divine testimonies’ of Pagan Oracles forged by pious Christians in proof of their Christ, need one wonder that the like testimonies in the Gospels themselves may be under suspicion of like forgery?”[2] Indeed.

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Joshua Tilghman, “Horus and Jesus: Is There a Link Between the Two?” The Spirit of the Scripture.com: Uncovering the Hidden Meanings of the Bible!” spiritofthescripture.com, 1 Jan. 2013, web, 27 June 2014. [2] Wheless, Forgery in Christianity, 39.

JC Myth (6.2): Recycled Myths: “Same Sayings”

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Chapter Six: Recycled Myths: “Same Sayings”

Again, not only is the story of Jesus created from Jewish legends but also from religious legends and myths from other cultures. Even some of the sayings of older gods were repeated by Christ.

Massey wrote:

“For example, when speaking of his departure Buddha, like the Christ, promises to send the Paraclete, even the spirit of truth, who shall bear witness of him and lead his followers to the truth. The Gnostic Horus says the same things in the same character . . . The sayings of Krishna as well as those of the Buddha are frequently identical with those of the Christ. I am the letter A, cries the one. I am the Alpha and Omega (or the A.O.), exclaims the other. I am the beginning, the middle, and the end, says Krishna—’I am the Light, I am the Life, I am the Sacrifice.’ Speaking of his disciples, he affirms that they dwell in him and he dwells in them.”[1]

Massey also noted:

“To begin with, two of the sayings assigned by Matthew to Jesus as the personal teacher of men are these:—’Lay not up for yourselves treasure upon earth,’ etc., and, ‘If ye forgive men their trespasses your heavenly Father will also forgive you’!  But these sayings had already been uttered by the feminine Logos called Wisdom, in the Apocrypha. We find them in the Book of Ecclesiasticus; ‘Lay up thy treasure according to the Commandments of the Most High, and it shall bring thee more profit than gold,’ and ‘Forgive thy neighbour the hurt that he hath done thee, so shall thy sins also be forgiven when thou prayest’![2]  [Ecclesiasticus was written by a Jewish scribe, Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of Jerusalem, sometime around 200 to 175 BCE.[3]] I cannot prove that sets of the sayings of the Lord, as Horus, were continued intact up to the time of Papias. Nor is that necessary. For, according to the nature of the hidden wisdom they remained oral and were not intended to be written down. They were not collected to be published as historic until the mysteries had come to an end or, on one line of their descent, were merged in Christianity. But a few most significant ones may be found in the Book of the Dead. In one particular passage the speaker says he has given food to the hungry, drink to the thirsty, clothes to the naked, and a boat to the shipwrecked; and, as the Osirified has done these things, the Judges say to him, ‘Come, come in peace,’ and he is welcomed to the festival which is called ‘Come thou to me.’ Those who have done these things on earth are held to have done them to Horus, the Lord; and they are invited to come to him as the blessed ones of his father Osiris. In this passage we have not only the sayings reproduced by Matthew, but also the drama and the scenes of the Last Judgment represented in the Great Hall of Justice, where a person is separated from his sins, and those who have sided with Sut [Set/Seth] against Horus are transformed into goats”.[4]

Sadly, not even the Lord’s Prayer is original to the New Testament. According to Massey:

“It is claimed by Christian teachers that the Christ was incarnated as the especial revealer of the father who is in heaven, and that the revelation culminated on the Mount when he taught the fatherhood of God in the Lord’s prayer. But the Lord’s prayer is no more original than is the Lord to whom it was last assigned. In the Jewish ‘Kadish’ we have the following pre-Christian form of it, which is almost word for word the same:—’Our father which art in heaven! Be gracious to us, O Lord our God! Hallowed be thy name! And let the remembrance of thee be glorified in heaven above and upon earth below! Let thy kingdom reign over us now and for ever! Thy holy men of old said, “Remit and forgive unto all men whatsoever they have done against me!” And lead us not into temptation! But deliver us from the evil thing! For thine is the kingdom, and thou shalt reign in glory for ever and for ever.’[5] This prayer was said to have been spoken about 150 years before Christ.”[6]

Tina Rae Collins

My goal is to share my book The Judaeo-Christian Myth one article at a time. If you find these articles interesting or you don’t think I’ll reach my goal (always a possibility, I suppose), and/or you just can’t wait, you can purchase the book by clicking on the picture above or the title in this paragraph. Thanks for reading!

[1] Massey, Gerald Massey’s Lectures, No. 15. [2] Massey, Gerald Massey’s Lectures, No. 10. [3] “Sirach,” wikipedia.org, 25 Oct. 2104, web, 30 Oct. 2014. [4] Massey, Gerald Massey’s Lectures, No. 18. [5] Gerald Massey, Gerald Massey’s Published Lectures, The “Logia of the Lord;” or, The Pre-Christian Sayings Ascribed to Jesus the Christ, No. 27, Gnostic and Historic Christianity, gerald-massey.org.uk, n.d., web, 12 Nov. 2014. [6] Rutherford H. Platt Jr., The Forgotten Books of Eden (1926), Ch. 23, Footnotes, sacred-texts.com, n.d., web, 11 Mar. 2015.